The Prague muse inspired Einstein to create the Theory of Relativity / Prazska muza inspirovala Einsteina, aby sepsal Teorii Relativity Einstein created the Theory of relativity in Prague | Czechmatediary

The Prague muse inspired Einstein to create the Theory of Relativity / Prazska muza inspirovala Einsteina, aby sepsal Teorii Relativity

Albert Einstein image /ww.ceskenoviny.czThe theory of relativity is probably the most famous accomplishment of Albert Einstein, the scientist of all times. A few people know however, that the idea may have been born in Prague. ‘How is that possible?’, you may ask. ‘Einstein was not Czech he was German!’ That is true, he was born in Bavarian Ulm (1879) and died in the USA in 1955. But in 1911 and 1912 Einstein spent 16 months teaching at the German university in Prague.  He and his family lived in Lesnicka Street while he was lecturing theoretical physics at Klementinum and at the German Institute of Physics in Vinicna Street. There he had met a mathematics professor, Mr. George Pick, who advised Einstein on what books to study in order for him to find answers for his unanswered questions. During his stay in Prague Einstein published numerous articles on theory of relativity, gravitation, thermodynamics and quantum physics.

During his free time (did he even have any?) he would hang out at the Berta Fantova’s saloon, located in the Unicorn house at the Old Town Square. Besides drinking beer, he also liked to play the violin for the locals there. And who were his drinking buddies? Quite the ‘insignificant’ crowd such as Max Brod, Franz Kafka or Hugo Bergman. There was also quite the gossip going around that Einstein had an illegitimate son in Prague. That however is still a mystery since no one seemed to have proven this interesting idea.

Later in his life Einstein became part of the Czech life again when the communist government began their unjustified political executions of people like Milada Horakova. During this time Einstein himself wrote a telegram to the Czech president of that time, Klement Gottwald, and pleaded for their lives: ” They were all  victims of German concentration camps; I am certain that they deserve to live.” His pleading did not help the cause.

CZ: Teorie Relativity, kterou se Albert Einstein proslavil asi nejvice, vznikla pravdepodobne v Praze. Jak je to mozne, ptate se? Vzdyt Einstein nebyl Cech! Mate pravdu, narodil se v bavorskem Ulmu (1879) a zemrel v USA (1955). Behem sveho zivota ale take kratkou dobu ucil na nemecke universite v Praze, a to v letech 1911 a 1912. Bydlel s rodinou v Lesnicke ulici a prednasel teoretickou fyziku v Klementinu a v sidle Fyzikalniho ustavu nemecke university ve Vinicne ulici. Prave na teto universite potkal profesora matematiky, George Picka, ktery Einsteinovi radil jakou literaturu si ma prostudovat, aby  nasel odpovedi na jeho nedoresene otazky. Behem tohoto prazskeho pobytu publikoval Einstein nekolik praci z teorie relativity a gravitace, termodinamiky, teorie zareni a kvantove fyziky.

V Praze pry ‘paril’ (ale take tam hral nekdy na housle) v salonu Berty Fantove na Staromestskem namesti v dome U Jednorozce. A s kym ze tam popijel pivo? S ‘neznamymi’ osobami jako je Max Brod, Franz Kafka nebo Hugo Bergman. Take se mimo jine suska o tom, ze si Einstein v Praze poridil syna, to se ale jeste nepovedlo nikomu prokazat.

Einstein se pozdeji znovu zapojil do ceskeho deni a to behem znamych inscenovanych politickych procesu v 50. letech, kdy  zaslal telegram samotnemu Klementu Gottwaldowi ohledne planovane justicni vrazde Milady Horakove a jejich 12-ti kolegu. V telegramu napsal: ” Byli obetmi nacismu, vezni nemeckych koncentracnich taboru. Jsem hluboce presvedcen, ze si zaslouzi zit”. Jeho prosba nepomohla.


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