Czech fairytale about the 12 months / Ceska pohadka o 12 mesickach Czech and Slovak winter fairy tale | Czechmatediary

Czech fairytale about the 12 months / Ceska pohadka o 12 mesickach

snowy forest/ flickr image To add to the diversity of this blog I decided I am going to introduce you to the world of Czech and Slovak fairy tales (and if you know all about them it may just be a good review for you). Since we are currently in the middle of – for some of us – quite the hash winter, there is no better suited children’s tale than the one about the Twelve Months (O Dvanacti Mesickach). I found it translated into English  in the “Hudba in the Czech Republic” blog and that person did a marvelous job (Czech translation can be found here):

CZ: Ahoj! Tak jsem si rikala, ze bych mohla k pestrosti tohoto blogu take pridat treba pohadky. Vestina lidi ted dosti mrzne, tak jsem si rikala, ze je velmi vhodne venovat se pohadce O dvanacti mesickach, co rikate? Anglicky preklad jsem nasla na blogu zvanem “Hudba in the Czech Republic” a cesky preklad muzete najit zde (kliknete zde).

ONCE UPON A TIME there lived a mother who had two daughters. One was her own child, the other her stepdaughter. She was very fond of her own daughter, but she would not so much as look at her step-daughter. The only reason was that Maruša, the stepdaughter, was prettier than her own daughter, Holena. The gentle-hearted Maruša did not know how beautiful she was, and so she could never make out why her mother was so cross with her whenever she looked at her. She had to do all the housework, tidying up the cottage, cooking, washing, and sewing, and then she had to take the hay to the cow and look after her. She did all this work alone, while Holena spent the time adorning herself and lazing about. But Maruša liked work, for she was a patient girl, and when her mother scolded and rated her, she bore it like a lamb. It was no good, however, for they grew crueler and crueler every day, only because Maruša was growing prettier and Holena uglier every day. At last the mother thought: “Why should I keep a pretty stepdaughter in my house? When the lads come courting here, they will fall in love with Maruša and they won’t look at Holena.” From that moment the stepmother and her daughter were constantly scheming how to get rid of poor Maruša. They starved her and they beat her. But she bore it all, and in spite of all she kept on growing prettier every day. They invented torments that the cruelest of men would never have thought of. One day–it was in the middle of January–Holena felt a longing for the scent of violets. “Go, Maruša, and get me some violets from the forest; I want to wear them at my waist and to smell them,” she said to her sister. “Great heavens! sister. What a strange notion! Who ever heard of violets growing under the snow?” said poor Maruša. “You wretched tatterdemalion! how dare you argue when I tell you to do something? Off you go at once, and if you don’t bring me violets from the forest I’ll kill you!” said Holena threateningly. The stepmother caught hold of Maruša, turned her out of the door, and slammed it to after her.She went into the forest weeping bitterly. The snow lay deep, and there wasn’t a human footprint to be seen. Maruša wandered about for a long time, tortured by hunger and trembling with cold. She begged God to take her from the world. At last she saw a light in the distance. She went towards the glow, and came at last to the top of a mountain. A big fire was burning there, and round the fire were twelve stones with twelve men sitting on them. Three of them had snow-white beards, three were not so old, and three were still younger. The three youngest were the handsomest of them all. They were not speaking, but all sitting silent. These twelve men were the twelve months. Great January sat highest of all; his hair and beard were as white as snow, and in his hand he held a club. Maruša was frightened. She stood still for a time in terror, but, growing bolder, she went up to them and said: “Please, kind sirs, let me warm my hands at your fire. I am trembling with the cold.” Great January nodded, and asked her: “Why have you come here, my dear little girl? What are you looking for?”"I am looking for violets,” answered Maruša.
“This is no time to be looking for violets, for everything is covered with snow,” answered Great January. “Yes, I know; but my sister Holena and my stepmother said that I must bring them some violets from the forest. If I don’t bring them, they’ll kill me. Tell me, fathers, please tell me where I can find them.” Great January stood up and went to one of the younger months–it was March–and, giving him the club, he said: “Brother, take the high seat.” March took the high seat upon the stone and waved the club over the fire. The fire blazed up, the snow began to melt, the trees began to bud, and the ground under the young beech-trees was at once covered with grass and the crimson daisy buds began to peep through the grass. It was springtime. Under the bushes the violets were blooming among their little leaves, and before Maruša had time to think, so many of them had sprung up that they looked like a blue cloth spread out on the ground. “Pick them quickly, Maruša!” commanded March. Maruša picked them joyfully till she had a big bunch. Then she thanked the months with all her heart and scampered merrily home. Holena and the stepmother wondered when they saw Maruša bringing the violets. They opened the door to her, and the scent of violets filled all the cottage. “Where did you get them?” asked Holena sulkily. “They are growing under the bushes in a forest on the high mountains.” Holena put them in her waistband. She let her mother smell them, but she did not say to her sister: “Smell them.”

Another day she was lolling near the stove, and now she longed for some strawberries. So she called to her sister and said: “Go, Maruša, and get me some strawberries from the forest.” “Alas! dear sister, where could I find any strawberries? Who ever heard of strawberries growing under the snow?” said Maruša. “You wretched little tatterdemalion, how dare you argue when I tell you to do a thing? Go at once and get me the strawberries, or I’ll kill you!”The stepmother caught hold of Maruša and pushed her out of the door and shut it after her. Maruša went to the forest weeping bitterly. The snow was lying deep, and there wasn’t a human  footprint to be seen anywhere. She wandered about for a long time, tortured by hunger and trembling with cold. At last she saw the light she had seen the other day. Overjoyed, she went towards it. She came to the great fire with the twelve months sitting round it. “Please, kind sirs, let me warm my hands at the fire. I am trembling with cold.” Great January nodded, and asked her: “Why have you come again, and what are you looking for here?” “I am looking for strawberries.” “But it is winter now, and strawberries don’t grow on the snow,” said January. “Yes, I know,” said Maruša sadly; “but my sister Holena and my stepmother bade me bring them some strawberries, and if I don’t bring them, they will kill me. Tell me, fathers, tell me, please, where I can find them.” Great January arose. He went over to the month sitting opposite to him–it was June–and handed the club to him, saying: “Brother, take the high seat.” June took the high seat upon the stone and swung the club over the fire. The fire shot up, and its heat melted the snow in a moment. The ground was all green, the trees were covered with leaves, the birds began to sing, and the forest was filled with all kinds of flowers. It was summer. The ground under the bushes was covered with white starlets, the starry blossoms were turning into strawberries every minute. They ripened at once, and before Maruša had time to think, there were so many of them that it looked as though blood had been sprinkled on the ground. “Pick them at once, Maruša!” commanded June. Maruša picked them joyfully till she had filled her apron full. Then she thanked the months with all her heart and scampered merrily home. Holena and the stepmother wondered when they saw Maruša bringing the strawberries. Her apron was full of them. They ran to open the door for her, and the scent of the strawberries filled the whole cottage. “Where did you pick them?” asked Holena sulkily. “There are plenty of them growing under the young beech-trees in the forest on the high mountains.” Holena took the strawberries, and went on eating them till she could eat no more. So did the stepmother too, but they didn’t say to Maruša: “Here is one for you.”
When Holena had enjoyed the strawberries, she grew greedy for other dainties, and so on the third day she longed for some red apples. “Maruša, go into the forest and get me some red apples,” she said to her sister. “Alas! sister dear, how am I to get apples for you in winter?” protested Maruša. “You wretched little tatterdemalion, how dare you argue when I tell you to do a thing? Go to the forest at once, and if you don’t bring me the apples I will kill you!” threatened Holena. The stepmother caught hold of Maruša and pushed her out of the door and shut it after her. Maruša went to the forest weeping bitterly. The snow was lying deep; there wasn’t a human footprint to be seen anywhere. But she didn’t wander about this time. She ran straight to the top of the mountain where the big fire was burning. The twelve months were sitting round the fire; yes, there they certainly were, and Great January was sitting on the high seat. “Please, kind sirs, let me warm my hands at the fire. I am trembling with cold.” Great January nodded, and asked her: “Why have you come here, and what are you looking for?” “I am looking for red apples.” “It is winter now, and red apples don’t grow in winter,” answered January. “Yes, I know,” said Maruša sadly; “but my sister and my stepmother, too, bade me bring them some red apples from the forest. If I don’t bring them, they will kill me. Tell me, father, tell me, please, where I could find them.” Great January rose up. He went over to one of the older months–it was September. He handed the club to him and said: “Brother, take the high seat.” Month September took the high seat upon the stone and swung the club over the fire. The fire began to burn with a red flame, the snow began to melt. But the trees were not covered with leaves; the leaves were wavering down one after the other, and the cold wind was driving them to and fro over the yellowing ground. This time Maruša did not see so many flowers. Only red pinks were blooming on the hillside, and meadow saffrons were flowering in the valley. High fern and thick ivy were growing under the young beech-trees. But Maruša was only looking for red apples, and at last she saw an apple-tree with red apples hanging high among its branches. “Shake the tree at once, Maruša!” commanded the month. Right gladly Maruša shook the tree, and one apple fell down. She shook it a second time, and another apple fell down. “Now, Maruša, run home quickly!” shouted the month. Maruša obeyed at once. She picked up the apples, thanked the months with all her heart, and ran merrily home.

Holena and the stepmother wondered when they saw Maruša bringing the apples. They ran to open the door for her, and she gave them two apples. “Where did you get them?” asked Holena. “There are plenty of them in the forest on the high mountain.” “And why didn’t you bring more? Or did you eat them on the way home?” said Holena harshly. “Alas! sister dear, I didn’t eat a single one. But when I had shaken the tree once, one apple fell down, and when I shook it a second time, another apple fell down, and they wouldn’t let me shake it again. They shouted to me to go straight home,” protested Maruša. Holena began to curse her: “May you be struck to death by lightning!” and she was going to beat her. Maruša began to cry bitterly, and she prayed to God to take her to Himself, or she would be killed by her wicked sister and her stepmother. She ran away into the kitchen. Greedy Holena stopped cursing and began to eat the apple. It tasted so delicious that she told her mother she had never tasted anything so nice in all her life. The step-mother liked it too. When they had finished, they wanted some more. “Mother, give me my fur coat. I’ll go to the forest myself. That ragged little wretch would eat them all up again on her way home. I’ll find the place all right, and I’ll shake them all down, however they shout at me.” Her mother tried to dissuade her, but it was no good. She took her fur coat, wrapped a cloth round her head, and off she went to the forest. Her mother stood on the threshold, watching to see how Holena would manage to walk in the wintry weather. The snow lay deep, and there wasn’t a human footprint to be seen anywhere. Holena wandered about for a long time, but the desire of the sweet apple kept driving her on. At last she saw a light in the distance. She went towards it, and climbed to the top of the mountain where the big fire was burning, and round the fire on twelve stones the twelve months were sitting. She was terrified at first, but she soon recovered. She stepped up to the fire and stretched out her hands to warm them, but she didn’t say as much as “By your leave” to the twelve months; no, she didn’t say a single word to them.”Why have you come here, and what are you looking for?” asked Great January crossly. “Why do you want to know, you old fool? It’s no business of yours,” replied Holena angrily, and she turned away from the fire and went into the forest.Great January frowned and swung the club over his head. The sky grew dark in a moment, the fire burned low, the snow began to fall as thick as if the feathers had been shaken out of a down quilt, and an icy wind began to blow through the forest. Holena couldn’t see one step in front of her; she lost her way altogether, and several times she fell into snowdrifts. Then her limbs grew weak and began slowly to stiffen. The snow kept on falling and the icy wind blew more icily than ever. Holena began to curse Maruša and the Lord God. Her limbs began to freeze, despite her fur coat.
Her mother was waiting for Holena; she kept on looking out for her, first at the window, then outside the door, but all in vain.”Does she like the apples so much that she can’t leave them, or what is the matter? I must see for myself where she is,” decided the stepmother at last. So she put on her fur coat, she wrapped a shawl round her head, and went out to look for Holena. The snow was lying deep; there wasn’t a human footprint to be seen; the snow fell fast, and the icy wind was blowing through the forest. Maruša had cooked the dinner, she had seen to the cow, and yet Holena and her mother did not come back. “Where are they staying so long?” thought Maruša, as she sat down to work at the distaff. The spindle was full already and it was quite dark in the room, and yet Holena and the stepmother had not come back. “Alas, Lord! what has come to them?” cried Maruša, peering anxiously through the window. The sky was bright and the earth was all glittering, but there wasn’t a human soul to be seen. . . . Sadly she shut the window; she crossed herself, and prayed for her sister and her mother. . . . In the morning she waited with breakfast, she waited with dinner; but however much she waited, it was no good. Neither her mother nor her sister ever came back. Both of them were frozen to death in the forest. So good Maruša inherited the cottage, a piece of ploughland and the cow. She married a kind husband, and they both lived happily ever after.

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{ 16 comments… read them below or add one }

Sarka January 21, 2009 at 12:27 am

This is one of my most favorite Czech fairy tales! It really is the Czech version of the Russian tale “Mrazik”, don’t you think?

Tanja January 22, 2009 at 10:31 am

Yeah,it’s similar, isn’t it? I think there are couple of those winter tales where the older sister hates the younger one and..like Popelka for instance.

CatalinM January 27, 2009 at 2:27 am

Great :) i like your posts ;) read them every day

Tanja January 27, 2009 at 5:38 pm

Hi Catalin,
Thank you! I am glad you enjoy them!

Paulina (Pavlina) March 30, 2009 at 4:50 am

I love it love it love it!!! I think Czech fairytales are the best. Has anyone come accross Czech fairytales like Cesky Honza or Pahadky Bozeny Nemcove translated into English?

Tanja March 30, 2009 at 6:55 pm

Hi Paulina!

I am pretty sure I have seen them on Amazon. Just type in Bozena Nemcova :)

Paulina (Pavlina) March 31, 2009 at 6:25 am

Thanks for the tip Tanja. I will give it a go.

Katie August 12, 2009 at 7:47 pm

My Grandma and Grandpa were Czech and they used to tell me a story about three brothers going off into the world one at at a time and they had to do work for a farmer and if they didn’t succeed their nose would be chopped off. I cant remember all of it but I would like to tell it to my niece. Has anyone heard this story before or know the name of it?

Tanja August 12, 2009 at 11:19 pm

Gosh, there is a bunch of them that start like that but I have never heard about that cut off nose deal…I will think about it and get back to you later, OK?

Roman March 1, 2010 at 9:50 am

Hi
thanks i go this wednesday 4 my interwie to the waldorf kindergarten and I have to tell a story to kids. I was looking just 4 this fairytale. Im sure the kids will love it.

Roman March 1, 2010 at 9:52 am

Hi, thanks. I am going 4 my interwie this wednesday to the waldorf kindergarten in Bristol and I am going to tell this story, I am surre they will love it.
Roman

Bonnie Turbeville May 5, 2011 at 8:11 am

This is my favorite childhood story. I ready over and over when I was a kid.

Pegina September 6, 2011 at 8:27 am

I enjoyed this fairy tale.
Thank you. Can you direct me to the Czech story about the mother hen & father rooster who favored one of their children over the the other. The favored chicken ate a large grain and laid on its back with feet in air. The parent chickens screamed at unfavored child to fetch water.

Ewa December 17, 2011 at 7:18 am

This is not Czech classic. It is A RUSSIAN CLASSIC 1958, MARSHAK

Lottie March 2, 2013 at 11:40 am

Have you seen this before – one of my favourites from when I was very young! Hope you like it!
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nrDcSqMFbE0

Tanja March 4, 2013 at 9:04 pm

Hi Lottie!

No way! Even the girl’s name is “Maruska”! What a treat – thanks!

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